It has been proven that both normal and visually impaired people may make some blind people dependent. Rickman and Blaylock conducted a survey of the blind in 1983, asking these blind people to point out how normal people treat blind people in order to reduce their dependence.
Respect and encourage the personality, ability, and independence of the blind
Don’t do anything for them because you are more convenient than the blind or doing things quickly. Blind people often don’t need help. Before you help them do something, ask “Do you need me to help?” If the blind person declines your help, don’t feel embarrassed. Caregivers should not be too worried or overprotected by blind people. They also have the right to make mistakes. Like normal people, blind people also have their own personality traits and respect their individuality. We can conduct a corresponding pre-vocational education for the blind, but we need to pay attention to some issues.
- Pre-service education design and layout principles
- From childhood, cultivate the confidence, responsibility, and quality of thinking of the blind.
- Pay attention to the knowledge of life and practicality (not talking or discussing in class).
- What you learn at school should be practical at home (such as watering, washing dishes, washing clothes, or mopping the floor).
- If necessary, step-by-step methods can be used to assist students in mastering skills.
- Different content can be arranged according to the capabilities and needs of the visually impaired.
- Use different auxiliary equipment for internship use.
- The blind should learn step by step and have clear learning goals.
- The blind person should master basic skills before learning difficult skills.
- Precautions for pre-vocational education
When helping a blind person master a professional skill, the following questions must be noted:
- Are blind people interested in this skill?
- Does the community need this skill?
- Can blind people get the materials they need?
- Do blind people have the necessary general skills? If a professional skill requires walking ability, then the blind person needs to have good ability to distinguish position and walk.
- Blind people should know how to use materials correctly and safely.
- The blind should be able to learn the right steps to do the work.
If you analyze the vocational skills you teach before training, it will make it easy for the blind to understand what you are teaching. First, check each step of the normal person doing the job. Second, decide which steps are difficult for blind people to complete. Finally, if you want to ensure that the blind person is safe and effective in doing their work, which step is needed to change.
Talk to the blind:
Be natural when approaching and talking to blind people. You have the right to ask what you want to ask, and they have the right to answer according to their own wishes. To speak to the blind with normal volume, don’t assume that they are deaf or have other obstacles. You should first introduce yourself before talking to a blind person or helping a blind person. Do not show embarrassment, fear or sympathy when you are in contact with the blind. If you feel unnatural when you get along with or interact with a blind person, you should speak to him. Avoiding the problem is not beneficial to both parties. When you want to walk away from the blind, you should let him know in advance. If you want to deal with the blind in business, and talk to his colleagues or relatives to get an answer, it is better to exchange opinions directly with him.
Learn how to be a blind guide
Let the blind hold your arm and let him walk behind you. When you enter and exit the door, tell him the direction of the door. Never hold the blind man’s arm and let him walk in front of you. Use normal speed for walking.
If you are an airport security guard, you should know that many blind people use cane made of fiberglass and therefore don’t cause metal detectors to react. If you are serving a blind person in a dental clinic or hospital, you should bring the blind to the waiting room, check room or clinic. You should also explain to them the specific steps of each medical procedure.
Professionals almost unanimously believe that there are special problems in teaching daily living skills and conducting sex education to people with visual impairment. For people with visual impairment (especially those with visual impairment in adolescence), it is extremely important to learn the independent living ability that normal people think is natural. We should teach the visually impaired people the skills of using household appliances (pointing gas stoves), dining at the table and preparing for cooking. Authorities also point out that people with visual impairments often get accurate sexual knowledge later than normal people of the same age. Because we generally acquire relevant knowledge through vision, visually impaired people are at a significant disadvantage in this respect. It is most beneficial to have sex education for people with visual impairment. This issue has caused heated debate. There are a lot of suggestions for this, including the use of blind human touch portraits, mimicking sexual dolls, and so on.
Blind people can do things that many normal people can do, but blind people may do it in different ways. Normal people can apply their visual abilities to operate and inspect, while blind people must use other sensations, especially the sense of touch. The blind person can only work after training. You can train him personally or find someone to train him. Take a blind person who wants to raise a duck. For example, you can find a normal person in the village who knows how to raise ducks and teach the blind how to raise ducks. Blind people can also learn handicrafts and other home-made techniques from other experienced people.